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Directory of Reed organs

Over 800 reed organ manufacturers have been identified, with most making more than one model of organ, trying to cover all of them is beyond the scope of this site.

This site relies on the work of others making information and videos available to us, none are deliberately ignored, if you find information or a video clip you believe should be added please e-mail us with relevant links to Essex Organ Museum

The company was renamed Mason & Hamlin Organ & Piano Co. in 1888. It was founded by Henry Mason and Emmons Hamlin with funds provided by Oliver Ditson and Henry's father, Lowell Mason.
They built about 450 organs per year from 1855-1861. Factory capacity was 10,000 organs per year by 1902. In 1905 Mason & Hamlin made a contract with Alphonse Mustel in which he would supervise the manufacture of Mustel Harmoniums by Mason & Hamlin.
Twenty-five years earlier Mason & Hamlin had produced their "Orchestral" organ which had pressure bellows, expression, percussion action and the same specifications as a Mustel harmonium. Mason & Hamlin was acquired by The Cable Co. in 1911.
Extract:- Antique Organs web site
Rodney Jantzi
Rodney Jantzi
Facebook page
Enthusiast, restorer, player and fountain of knowledge.
A special thank you to Rodney Jantzi for help, guidance and permission to use his work on this page.
Rodney Jantzi playing Toccata & Fugue in D Minor on a reed organ - no pedals and no pipes
Rodney Jantzi Rodney Jantzi
Rodney Jantzi
Logo, Web site linkRodney Jantzi web site
All About Reed Organs
You Tube channel on all things Reed Organ" />
Chapter 1 - Pointers for the Reed Organ
Chapter 2 - Pointers for the Reed Organ
Chapter 3 - Playing Techniques
Chapter 4 - Vox Humana and Forte
Restoration Project
Tune an Antique Pump Reed Organ
Hide Glue for Reed Organ Repairs
Reed Organ Couplers
Automatic Swell
Reed organ Reed organ
Reed Organ Society web page

Logo, Web site linkConklin reed organ museum web site
Logo, Web site linkNew World Enyclopedia reed organ section

Logo, Newspaper articlePDF of book The American Reed organ

Logo, Wikipedia web siteWikipedia page for pump organs
Appolo Reed Organs
1911 - 1940
Appolo Reed Organ Appolo Reed Organ
Appolo Reed Organ
Logo, Web site link Appolo Reed organ information Web page
The organ building department of Rushworth and Dreaper are thought to have made 336 reed Appolo organs over 29 years.
The Apollo Reed Organ Works, which was an offshoot of the pipe organ business, was established at 13 Islington, Liverpool in 1913. It seems that the English manufacturers liked an imaginative name to distinguish their products. The 2MP reed organs were designed as practice instruments. Two models were initially offered: Model A at £60 and Model B at £80.
Daniel F. Beatty
c. 1869 - 1892
Roses Waltz
Reverie Religieuse
Beatty Reed Organ Beatty Reed Organ
Beatty Reed Organ
Daniel F. BeattyDaniel F. Beatty (left) marketed reed organs under the brand name 'Beethoven'.
Established about 1869, Beatty was one of the first piano and organ manufacturers to utilize the mail order system to sell his instruments. Beatty sold instruments to farms and rural areas via mass mailings and aggressive advertising campaigns which were far ahead of their time.
The Needham Piano Company took over control of Beatty's business in about 1892
Bell Bros.
1864 - 1928
Bell Bros organ Bell Bros organ
Logo, Web site link Antique Organs Web site

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The company was located in Guelph, Ontario, Canada and started business in 1864 as Bell Bros. by William and Robert Bell.
Later they moved to Carden St. and in 1867 produced 80 instruments per year.
In 1881 with 200 employees their capacity was 1200, and in 1906 was 6000 organs per year.
Organ production was discontinued in 1928
George P. Bent
1880 - 1915
In the Bleak Midwinter - Queen organ
Angels We Have Heard on High
George Bent reed organ George Bent reed organ
George Bent reed organ
Logo, Newspaper article Article on the history of George Payne Bent Reed organs

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Berlin Reed Organs
Alley Cat
Christ Liveth in Me
Come, Sweet Death - Bach
Praise the Lord with Drums and Cymbals
Abide With Me
Largo (Xerxes) - G. F. Handel
Teach Me to Trust - John W. Peterson
Berlin Organ Restoration Story
Berlin Reed Organ Berlin Reed Organ
Berlin Reed Organ

Bontempi chord organ
Bontempi B9 Chord Organ Demo
Bontempi BN8 Organ
Sounds of The Bontempi - Roy Budd
Bontempi Reed Organ Bontempi Reed Organ
Bontempi Reed Organ
Bontempi is an Italian musical instrument manufacturer, best known for manufacturing low-priced, plastic-cased chord organs.
Such instruments were popular in the 1970s and early 1980s, and continued to be made until the mid-1980s, when Bontempi moved to manufacturing small, home electronic keyboards.
Extract:- Bontempi Wikipedia page
W. Doherty & Co. Reed Organs
All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name - Victorian
St. Patrick's Breastplate - Victorian
Lasst Uns Erfreuen - The St. James Chapel of Ease
Trumpet Voluntary - Doherty Cathedral Reed Organ
Fugue in G (BWV577) - Doherty Cathedral Reed Organ
Doherty reed organ Doherty reed organ
Doherty reed organ
Logo, Web site link Doherty restoration
Web site
W. Doherty & Co. started as Doherty & Menzies in 1868, a furniture and music retailer. They made a few organs in 1875 and the next year built a small shop employing eight men
In 1879 a second building was constructed alongside the other and production reached 100 organs per month.
In 1898 the entire plant burned down, but within three months a new factory consisting of two buildings was built with a capacity of four hundred organs per month.
They Acquired by Sherlock-Manning Organ Co. (qv) in 1920 when William Doherty retired, but continued to operate under the Doherty name. They made folding organs used by missionaries and also by the military in World War II and the Korean War.
Their capacity in 1906 was 6,000 organs per year. Organ production declined after about 1910 and came to an end during World War II.
Antique Organs web site
Dominion Reed Organs
Toccata & Fugue in D Minor
March - Handel
Teach Me Thy Way
St. George's Edinburgh
The Maple Leaf Forever
Dominion Orchestral reed organ Dominion Orchestral reed organ
Dominion Orchestral reed organ
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The Dominion Reed Organ company was established in 1870 by A.M. Darley and Wm. Robinson in Oshawa, Ontario as Darley & Robinson, later Darley & Hoskin, then Oshawa Organ & Melodeon Mfg. Co. Jesse H. Farwell of Detroit is shown as President and principal owner in 1872.
Jesse H. Farwell was also a partner in Simmons & Clough. The factory moved to Bowmanville, Ontario in 1873 under the management of Darley and O'Hara.
Renamed the Dominion Organ Co. in 1875 with Messrs. Piggot, Russell and Wesley as management. Awarded a Bronze medal in Paris in 1878.
The factory capacity in 1880 was 100 to 125 organs per month. In 1879 the town council of Bowmanville granted the company a bonus of $5,000 to erect a piano factory, and in 1880 the name was changed to Dominion Organ & Piano Co., then Dominion Organ & Piano Co. Ltd. in 1886.
On the death of Mr. Piggott in 1890, Mr. Farwell again resumed control until 1895 when the company was purchased by Messrs. Alexander, Kydd and McConnel. Alexander became sole proprietor in 1901. Officers in 1906: J.W. Alexander, president and general manager; C.J. Rowe, secretary-treasurer; J.B. Mitchell, vice-president and superintendent. Dominion manufactured organs with the Scribner Patent Qualifying Tubes under an agreement, presumably due to Jesse Farwell, with Clough & Warren, owners of the patent.
Production ceased about 1930, the firm was declared bankrupt in 1936 and closed in 1937.
Extract from Antique Organs web site
Dyer and Hughes
Lily of the Valley - Parlor organ
Dyer and Hughes organ Dyer and Hughes organ
Thomas Franklin Dyer and his nephew John F. Hughes operated a grocery and hardware business.
Dyer had an interest in music and was the founder and leader of Dyer's Band.
He began building and selling reed organs and later pianos with such success that in 1885 they dropped the original business to concentrate on reed organs and pianos.
The original factory was built on Mechanic St. in 1869. Dyer retired in 1894, Hughes bought him out and the firm name became Hughes & Son.
Extract from the Reed Organ Atlas, written by R.F. Gellerman.
Estey Reed Organs
Visit to the Estey Organ Museum
Pulling Out All the Stops
Model G Estey Reed Organ
1908 Style D Salon Organ
Model Z Artist
Marche Funebre & Finlandia played on Estey Artist
Sweet Story of Old - Model Z
stop by stop demo
Model N Reed Organ
Entrée & Sortie - played on Estey T
Philharmonic reed organ
In Summer - Estey chapel organ
Postlude for Festival Occasions - Estey G reed organ
Grand Salon Model 900
By The Blue Sea - Cottage Reed Organ
Estey reed organ Estey reed organ
Estey reed organ
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Logo, Web site link Estey Organ Museum web site
Logo, Web site link Virtual museum

Article icon Estey Organ Company Catalogue 1888
Jacob Estey In 1846 Samuel and Joseph Jones arrived in Brattleboro and began producing hand-crafted melodeons. They were soon joined by Riley Burditt. Jacob Este joined the company around 1852
After several changes of ownership and modest success, Jacob Estey bought a share of the melodeon company as a business venture.
Jacob Estey and H. P. Green took over the company as partners. By 1859, Estey & Green were manufacturing 30 melodeons per week. With the arrival of the railroad in Brattleboro, instruments could be ordered by mail and shipped all over the country.
Jacob Estey took over sole ownership of the company. Needing capital for expansion, Estey took on additional partners the following year. Estey introduced the Cottage Organ into the Estey line. By the end of 1865, Estey was producing approximately 100 instruments per month in 30 styles.
In 1866 the company reorganized with Jacob as president, son-in-law Levi Fuller, vice president, and son Julius J. Estey, secretary. By the end of the 1860s, the Cottage Organ had supplanted the melodeon in popularity. By 1869, production exceeded 300 instruments per month.
1870 After two fires and two floods, Estey relocated its manufacturing to slate-shingled buildings on Birge Street in Brattleboro. (One of the buildings is now home to the Estey Organ Museum.)
In 1872 The company incorporated with Jacob Estey as president, Levi Fuller, vice president, and son Julius J. Estey, secretary and treasurer. The company continued to expand, increasing production to 700 instruments per month.
In 1888 the company celebrated the production of its 200,000th organ. The following year, the output reached 13,000 instruments.
Upon the death of Jacob, in 1890, Julius J. became president of the company. In 1892, the 250,000th organ was produced with a large celebration; organ 300,000 was produced before the turn of the century.
With the popularity of reed organs beginning to wane, Julius J. turned to the production of pipe organs. Well-known organ builder and inventor William E. Haskell was brought from Philadelphia to head the pipe organ department.
Jacob Gray Estey and Julius Harry Estey, sons of Julius J., took over the business upon the death of their father. By 1916, reed organs and pipe organs contributed equally to the company's income.
Jacob Poor Estey and Joseph Gray Estey, sons of Jacob G., and Paul Chase Estey, son of Julius H., became the 4th generation in the family business. During the 1920s, pipe organs became the dominant product, and sales continued to increase.
During the Great Depression, organ sales dropped dramatically. The company went bankrupt and assets were sold. In 1933, Jacob P. and Joseph G. reformed the company. Although the production of reed and pipe organs continued, the company experimented with various types of specialty instruments. During World War II, Estey produced most of the folding organs used by U.S. Army chaplains.
Full control of the company returned to the Estey family with Jacob P., his nephew Wilson G Estey, and son-in-law Robert Cochrane, Jr. as partners. By the early 1950s, the company had manufactured nearly 500,000 reed organs and over 3,000 pipe organs.
In 1953 Estey Organ Company Sold to Rieger Organ, Inc. of New Jersey, ending the Estey family's control of the company.
Extract from the Estey Museum
Follow On - William Cushing
Karn reed organ Karn reed organ
Karn reed organ
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Web site

D.W. Karn were established in 1867 when Dennis Karn joined John Miller, forming Miller & Karn, also known as the Woodstock Organ Factory. Karn bought out Miller in 1870 but retained the Miller & Karn name for several years before changing it to D.W. Karn Co.
D.W. Karn Co. exhibited in Barcelona in 1888.
They acquired the S.R. Warren & Son organ factory of Toronto in 1896 and in 1909 became the Karn-Morris Piano & Organ Co.
D.W. Karn established an outlet in Oxford Street, London in 1886. In 1914 they were listed as manufacturers of pipe organs, reed organs with grand auxiliary pipes and qualifying tubes, pianos and player-pianos known as the ``Pianauto''. They had 400 employees.
In the early 1920s the company went through several changes of ownership ending in bankruptcy.
Reed Organs in England
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1857 - 1922
Nearer, My God, to Thee
Merry Christmas
Lord, Prepare Me
Kimball reed organ Kimball Reed Organ
Kimball Reed Organ
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William Wallace Kimball The company was founded by William Wallace Kimball (left) in 1857 as an organ and piano retailer in Chicago.
They began manufacturing organs in 1881 and later pianos.
They also made organs for others such as Bentley, Goggin, Thiery, J.V. Watson, Pacific Queen, Great Western and probably Lundell Olson
In 1890, Kimball hired Englishman Frederic W. Hedgeland to supervise the building of a portable pipe organ, about the size of a large upright piano. The pipe organ division of Kimball also built large, permanent pipe organs.
They discontinued reed organ production in 1922.
In 1961, in conjunction with the relocation of Kimball piano production from Illinois to Indiana, the company formed Jasper Electronics Manufacturing Company to develop and produce Kimball electric organs for the home entertainment market.
Extract:- Antique Organs and Wikipedia
Commercial Woolworths vintage commercial
Magnus Organ Magnus Organ
Magnus Organ
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Logo, Newspaper article Finn Magnus
Man Of Plastic
Fin MagnusThe Magnus Harmonica Corporation was founded in 1944 in New Jersey by Danish immigrant Finn Magnus (pic left). First supplying American troops in World War II, and later marketed to children and other beginners, the company's harmonicas (as well as its accordions, bagpipes, and mechanical reed organs) used a then-unique moulded-plastic reed comb. The styrene-based plastic construction resulted in lower cost, greater durability, and a distinct sound compared to other free reed aerophones with metal reeds. In 1958, Magnus joined with television salesman Eugene Tracey, and their company went on to sell millions of inexpensive electric chord organs and song books until the late 1970s under the name Magnus Organ Corporation. Early Magnus Chord Organs were either laptop or table top models, with some of the later models having integrated legs and a lighted music stand. At its peak, Magnus employed over 1,800 workers in Linden, New Jersey, including a 'mother's shift' during school hours and a 'work release' program for non-violent inmates of the nearby Rahway State Prison.[
Mason & Hamlin
Logo, Wikipedia web site
Sankey organ style 431
Liszt organ style 513
Style 512
Lohengrin - Chapel organ
Romanza - Liszt Organ
Rêverie - Chapel organ
Slumber Song - Baby Reed Organ
Das alte Jahr vergangen ist Post-Style Cabinet Organ
Bach - Liszt Organ
Fayette Opera House - 3 manual + pedal
Mason & Hamlin reed organ Mason & Hamlin reed organ
Mason & Hamlin reed organ
Logo, Web site link Mason & Hamlin reed organ web site
Logo, Web site link Mason & Hamlin restorer web site

Logo Illustrated Catalogue of the Mason & Hamlin Organ Co.
Mustel Harmonium Mustel Harmonium
Mustel Harmonium
Mustel was a manufacturer of harmoniums and celestas during the late 19th and early 20th Century. The celesta was invented in 1886 by Parisian harmonium builder Auguste Mustel.
His father, Victor Mustel, had developed the forerunner of the celesta, the typophone or the dulcitone, in 1860
Yamaha Reed Organs
Codex un poco Faenza
Yamaha Reed Organ
Yamaha DS49C
Jewish music on Yamaha reed organ
Popeye the Sailor
Yamaha Reed organ Yamaha Reed organ
Yamaha Reed organ
Yamaha link logo
The Yamaha brand trademark, YAMAHA, comes from the name of the founder Torakusu Yamaha who pioneered the production of Western musical instruments in Japan. Born to a family of a Kishu Tokugawa clansman, Torakusu was captivated by Western science and technology from early on. Fascinated by the watches that were gaining popularity in Osaka at the time, he took up watchmaking, studying business along the way. Over time, Torakusu began repairing medical equipment and was invited to visit a hospital in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture.
On one occasion, the principal of Hamamatsu's Jinjo elementary asked him if he would try to repair a reed organ. He agreed and was able to repair it successfully. Recognizing its business potential, while repairing the organ, Torakusu created a blueprint for the inside of the organ, later creating his own prototype organ.
The organ was criticized for its poor tuning. Undaunted, and starting from zero, Torakusu began studying music theory and tuning. After four months of struggles he was finally able to complete the organ.
Extract:- Origins of the Yamaha Brand